In general, ‘Diesel’ is any fuel used in diesel engines. The most common diesel is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum fuel oil, but alternatives that are not derived from petroleum, such as biodiesel, biomass to liquid (BTL) or gas to liquid (GTL) diesel, are increasingly being developed and adopted. To distinguish between these types, petroleum-derived diesel is becoming more commonly known as ‘petrodiesel’. Ultra-low sulfur diesel (ULSD) is a standard for defining diesel fuel with substantially lowered sulfur contents. As of 2007, almost every diesel fuel available in America and Europe is the ULSD type. In the UK, diesel is commonly abbreviated to DERV: Diesel Engine Road Vehicle (fuel).
Bio blend diesel consists of a uniform mixture of two diesel fuels:
A mineral distillate (95% by volume) of ULSD
A vegetable distillate (5% by volume) of Bio-diesel
Bio-diesel is considered as environmentally favourable. Plants in their growth utilise the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere to synthesise biomass. The oil is extracted from biomass and later burnt in diesel engines. A by-product of this combustion is carbon dioxide. The process of incorporation and subsequent release is regarded as a closed cycle i.e. what is taken from the atmosphere is returned from the atmosphere. And what’s more, there is absolutely no increase in the carbon dioxide burden on the environment.
The blend (95/5) meets the latest requirements of the relevant British and European specification BS EN 590.
The blend confers desirable performance related properties to the fuel such as; smoke control and reduced particulates.
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